Christianity is on the edge of extinction in its birthplace, the Middle East.
Escaping sectarian violence, kidnappings, religious fatwas, economic hardship and severe persecution, the oldest Christian communities in the world are leaving the region.
Nowadays there are more Iraqi, Turkish and Palestinian Christians living in the Diaspora in Europe, the US or South America than in their native countries, while the current events in Egypt and Syria indicate a similar fate for its Christian population.
With the current speed of this Christian Exodus continuing, out of 12 million Christians in the middle East only 6 million will be left in the year 2020. It’s a real probability that within one generation Christianity, as a live religion and culture, will have vanished from the Middle East. I want to document this vanishing people and culture and record a historic process with severe political, economic and cultural consequences for the Middle East.
Christians have always been part of the intellectual and economic elite of Middle Eastern societies and their migration leads to a brain-drain, sided with the withdrew of financial assets and, equally important, cultural and intellectual force. This lack of resources will only accelerate the problems Middle East as a whole is facing and fuel the vicious circle of poverty, ill-education and extremist violence in the Region.
Working on the project since early 2011, I have repeatedly been to Turkey, Iraq, Egypt, Israel, Gaza and Palestine. During this time I established a network of different NGOs, local churches and individuals that have helped me setting up contacts and logistics needed for this project.
To complete the project, thus to further depict the complexity of the phenomenon and to deepen its understanding, I will need to visit the Christian communities in the remaining countries of the Levant: Jordan, Lebanon, Syria.
Andy Spyra, born 1984 in Germany, is a freelance photographer currently based in Germany. He worked one year as a staff photographer for the local newspaper in his hometown before he became a freelance photographer. He’s working on assignments and personal longtermprojects in the Balkans and more recently in the middle East.
His Projects include a documentation of the ongoing conflict in Kashmir as well a four year long visual engagement with the aftermath of the genocide in Bosnia. Since 2011 he’s been working on a longtermproject about the christian exodus from the Middle East.
Reuters photographer Ricardo Moraes spent time documenting a religious fraternity called O Caminho, (The Way), a group of Franciscan monks and nuns who help the homeless on the streets of Rio de Janeiro. They consider the election of Pope Francis, the first pontiff to take the name of St Francis of Assisi, to be a confirmation of their beliefs in poverty and simplicity. -- Reuters ( 20 photos total)
Brother Jose Wellington Damasio Antonio, a member of the Franciscan fraternity O Caminho, prays in the chapel of fraternity's house in the Campo Grande neighborhood of Rio de Janeiro on April 2. (Ricardo Moraes/Reuters)
Monsoon season in southern Asia has begun, and in India the rains arrived ahead of schedule, easing drought concerns. Monsoon rains can be disruptive and even deadly, but crucial for the farmers whose crops feed millions of people. Though concerns for flooding are prevalent, the arrival of the rains brings colorful celebrations and relief from the heat every year. -Leanne Burden Seidel (32 photos total)
An Indian buffalo herder holding a traditional handmade umbrella stands in a field to keep watch of his buffaloes as monsoon clouds hover above in Bhubaneswar, India, on June 13, 2013. (Biswaranjan Rout/Associated Press)
Features and Essays
Rena Effendi / National Geographic
Rena Effendi: Transylvania Hay Country (National Geographic) The old art of making hay on the grass-growing meadows of Transylvania | from the July issue of National Geographic magazine | Effendi’s agency
Ami Vitale: Montana Ranch (Photo Booth) A testament to a disappearing way of life and an ode to its endurance.
Rena Effendi: Spirit Lake (Institute) Located in an isolated and economically languishing area of North Dakota, Spirit Lake is a Sioux Indian reservation home to some 6,200 inhabitants
Raphaela Rosella: Teen Mothers in Australia (Feature Shoot)
Guillaume Herbaut: Unrest in Turkey (Institute)
LouLou d’Aki: Occupy Istanbul: Portraits of Turkey’s Protest Kids (NY magazine)
Enri Canaj: City of Shadows (Foto8) Athens, Greece
Lauren Greenfield: The Fast and The Fashionable (ESPN) In Monaco during F1 Grand Prix
Giovanni Cocco: The Life Of A Sibling With Disability (NPR Picture Show)
Riverboom: Giro d’Italia (Institute)
Robert Nickelsberg: Surviving Cold War (World Policy) Forces from Norway, Britain, and the Netherlands in training in the planet’s harshest climate in the Arctic Circle
Ian Willms: Following in the Mennonites’ Footsteps (LightBox)
Tomasz Lazar: In Kosovo, Bridging an Ethnic Divide (NYT)
Cathal McNaughton: Yarnbombers (Guardian) Photographer Cathal McNaughton has caught up with the Yarnbombers, the guerrilla knitters who plan to target the G8 using knitting or crochet rather than graffiti
Sebastian Liste / Reportage by Getty Images for TIME
Sebastian Liste: On the Inside: Venezuela’s Most Dangerous Prison (LightBox)
Pietro Paolini: Ecuador: Balance on the Zero (Terra Project)
Elizabeth Griffin and Amelia Coffaro: Capturing Life With Cancer At Age 28 (NPR Picture Show)
Lars Tunbjörk: Cremation: The New American Way of Death (LightBox)
Lucas Jackson: Tornado survivors of Moore (Reuters photo blog) multimedia
Andy Levin: Coney Island (NYT Lens)
Daniel Love: 200 Hours (Guardian)
Robert Herman: New York: A View of Inner Turmoil (NYT Lens)
Reed Young: The Ground Zero of Immigration: El Paso (LightBox)
Sara Lewkowicz: An unflinching look at domestic abuse (CNN photo blog)
Tony Fouhse: The Simple View of Ottawa (NYT Lens)
Justin Jin for the New York Times
Justin Jin: A Chinese Push for Urbanization (NYT)
Sean Gallagher: Climate change on the Tibetan plateau (Guardian) audio slideshow
Nic Dunlop: On the frontlines of a ‘Brave New Burma’ (CNN photo blog)
Zohra Bensemra: Pakistan’s female Top Gun (Reuters)
Paolo Marchetti: The Stains of Kerala (LightBox)
Behrouz Mehri / AFP / Getty Images
Behrouz Mehri: Life in Tehran, glimpsed through the rear window (AFP Correspondent)
Tyler Hicks: A New Strategy on One Syrian Front (NYT)
Laurent Van der Stockt: On The Damascus Front Lines (Le Monde)
Jason Larkin: Suez – Egypt’s Lifeline (Panos Pictures)
Nyani Quarmyne: Bridging Approaches to Mental Illness in Sierra Leone (NYT Lens)
Jake Naughton: Education of Girls in Kibera (Feature Shoot)
David Guttenfelder: Last Song for Migrating Birds (NGM) Across the Mediterranean, millions are killed for food, profit, and cruel amusement.
Nick Cobbing: Follow the Creatures (Photographer’s website) Antarctica
Nelli Palomäki: Portraits of Children (LightBox)
The Burning Monk 50th anniversary (AP) Malcolm Wilde Browne was 30 years old when he arrived in Saigon on Nov. 7, 1961, as AP’s first permanent correspondent there. From the start, Browne was filing the kind of big stories that would win him the Pulitzer Prize for reporting in 1964. But today, he is primarily remembered for a photograph taken 50 years ago on June 11, 1963, depicting the dignified yet horrific death by fiery suicide of Buddhist monk Thich Quang Duc.
Love struck: Photographs of JFK’s visit to Berlin 50 years ago reveal a nation instantly smitten (The Independent) Photographer Ulrich Mack accompanied Kennedy on the entire trip. The results, published this month as Kennedy in Berlin, have mostly never been seen before
Osman Orsal / Reuters
Images of Protest in Istanbul: The Woman in Red (No Caption Needed)
Photographer documents Istanbul ‘war zone’ in his own backyard on Facebook (NBC News photo blog)
Photographic Mood, on the Eve of Destruction (No Caption Needed)
Pixelating the reality? (Al Jazeera: Listening Post) Photography is a subjective medium, and how it is used will always depend on who is using it. | On Paul Hansen’s World Press Photo of the Year and post-processing in photojournalism in general
The Art of War – Ron Haviv (Viewpoint on Vimeo) A documentary from the public television of Greece, year 2013. Language: English | Greek Subtitles
Leading photojournalist captures the beating heart of a brutal world (Sydney Morning Herald) Forty years of covering atrocities has only reinforced James Nachtwey’s faith in humanity
Rita Leistner: Looking for Marshall McLuhan in Afghanistan (BagNewsNotes)
A Glance at the 2013 LOOK3 Photo Festival (LightBox)
Edouard Elias / Getty Images
Two journalists, including photographer Edouard Elias, abducted in Syria (BJP) According to Le Monde and BBC News, the two journalists, Didier François and Edouard Elias, were travelling to Aleppo in Syria when they were abducted by four armed men at a checkpoint
Syrian teacher turned war photographer (CNN) Nour Kelze describes her transition from English teacher in Aleppo to war photographer in the middle of Syria’s conflict.
A Paean to Forbearance (the Rough Draft) (NYT) The origins behind James Agee’s 1941 book, “Let Us Now Praise Famous Men,” a literary description of abject poverty in the South, accompanied by Walker Evans photographs.
The Woman in a Jim Crow Photo (NYT Lens)
Abigail Heyman, Feminist Photojournalist, Dies at 70 (NYT) Related
Nelson Mandela: a life in focus (Guardian) Pulitzer Prize-winning photographer Greg Marinovich reflects on a legend of our time
Eman Mohammed in the Gaza Strip (Denver Post Plog)
Robert Capa’s vintage prints on show (BBC) To mark what would have been the 100th birthday of photographer Robert Capa, the Atlas gallery in London is holding an exhibition of his work. It comprises a wide range of prints from his time in Spain during the Civil War through World War II, and ending with the Indo China conflict where he lost his life.
Chloe Dewe Mathews
Featured photographer: Scout Tufankjian (Verve Photo)
Featured photographer: Carlo Gianferro (Verve Photo)
Featured photographer: Antonia Zennaro (Verve Photo)
American Girls: Photographs Offer Vision into American Girlhood (Daily Beast) Polish photographer Ilona Szwarc’s new exhibit captures 100 kids with their cult-classic toy, the American Girl doll.
Northern Ireland: 30 Years of Photography by Colin Graham – review (Guardian) This catalogue of recent Northern Irish photography shows a determination to leave the documentary style of the Troubles behind
After Lowry (FT magazine) Landscape photographer John Davies takes a series of pictures in the northwest of England inspired by the work of LS Lowry
Eric Maierson: This is what editing feels like (MediaStorm blog)
Interviews and Talks
Rodrigo Abd and Javier Manzano (C-Span)
Carolyn Drake (cestandard) An interview with Carolyn Drake, author of Two Rivers
Paul Conroy (Amanpour) The deadliest country on earth for journalists | Conroy on Marie Colvin’s last assignment
Alex Webb (LA Times Framed)
Christopher Anderson (GUP magazine)
Stuart Franklin (Vice) There’s More to Stuart Franklin Than the Most Famous Photo of the 20th Century
Paula Bronstein / Getty Images
Paula Bronstein (ABC Radio National Australia) Internationally acclaimed US photo journalist Paula Bronstein talks about bearing witness to human suffering through her photo essays.
John H. White (NPR Picture Show) Photo Staff Firings Won’t Shake Pulitzer Winner’s Focus
Joe McNally (NYT Lens) Photographing on Top of the World
David Guttenfelder (NGM) Photographer David Guttenfelder reflects upon why taking pictures of the slaughter of songbirds is like covering a war.
Alexandra Avakian / Contact Press Images
Jean-François Leroy (BJP) Visa pour l’Image organizer on the festival’s editorial line and the cost of covering war
Jean-François Leroy (BJP) Visa pour l’Image organizer on social media, the future of photojournalism and the need for greater cooperation
Marco Di Lauro (Image Deconstructed)
Evgenia Arbugaeva (Leica blog) Leica Oskar Barnack Award Winner 2013
Jenn Ackerman (PBS NewsHours) One Photographer’s Experience Documenting Mentally Ill Inmates
Richard Misrach (PDN Pulse) Misrach on Documentary vs. Art, the Complications of Portraiture, and Digital Photography
Daniel Etter / Redux
Daniel Etter (LightBox Tumblr)
Espen Rasmussen (Panos Social)
Michael Christopher Brown (Window magazine)
Terry O’Neill (WSJ) The photographer on starlets, the Stones and Sinatra
Ewen Spencer (Vice) The Soul of UK Garage, As Photographed by Ewen Spencer
Mikko Takkunen is an associate photo editor at TIME.com. Follow him on Twitter @photojournalism.
In today's pictures, Swiss Shepherd dogs compete in Germany, protests rage in Turkey, teams compete in swamp soccer in Russia, and more.
Graduation season is well underway, with kindergartners, high schoolers, college seniors and graduate students alike donning caps and gowns to celebrate their achievement. With their diplomas, graduates also get words of wisdom from a commencement speakers and a good excuse to celebrate. -- Lloyd Young ( 31 photos total)
US Naval Academy graduates throw their hats at the conclusion of their commencement and commission ceremony, attended by President Barack Obama at the Navy-Marine Corps Memorial Stadium on May 24 in Annapolis, Md. (Michael Reynolds/European Pressphoto Agency)
In today's photos, Andy Murray faces Nicolas Mahut in London, a child sleeps at a brick factory in Kabul, two deer flee from the flood near Budapest, and more.