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Oliver Reichenstein is the founder and director of Information Architects, the Tokyo, Zurich, and Berlin-based design agency. iA's usual trade is website design and consultancy along with the odd concept like the Twitter strikethrough, but the company has also found recent success in iOS and Mac app development. Writer for iPad is a pioneering minimalist text editor, and its focus-enhancing combination of sparse visuals and refined typography has since made the leap to OS X and the iPhone.

Reichenstein recently took the time to answer some of my questions on design and development. Since iA's work is informed by its presence in Europe and Asia, I wanted to know his thoughts on the differences between the two, and in particular where he...

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Fred Stutzman, a post-doctoral fellow at Carnegie Mellon University, has written two programs that allow users to block their own online activities. At first blush, they seem like the answer to a question nobody's asking. But that has turned out not to be the case.

Stutzman, who researches social media at the university's Heinz College, has released two apps, Freedom and Anti-Social. Freedom, which banishes a user from his or her Internet connection for up to eight hours, has been downloaded 350,000 times. Anti-Social, which blocks access to social networks like Facebook, has been downloaded by 125,000 users.

More surprising is that Freedom costs $10 and Anti-Social $15 (there are trial versions available with a limited number of uses). To a slightly higher degree than most apps, arguably, you have to really want what they offer. That is, the elimination of distraction.

"Freedom enforces freedom," the app's site 1984ishly proclaims. "You'll need to reboot if you want to get back online while Freedom's running. The hassle of rebooting means you're less likely to cheat, and you'll enjoy enhanced productivity." The app has been praised by writers from Dave Eggers to Nick Hornby to Zadie Smith.

But Freedom might be too much for those who need online access for their work. "Anti-Social solves this problem," Stutzman says, by "allowing you to do your online work, while preventing you from accessing top social sites."

These apps, marketed by his company Eighty Percent Solution, may be indicators of a larger trend. Stutzman seems to think so.

"I think people are starting to pull back and realize how the time we spend online impacts their work, the quality of their work, and their ability to hit goals," he told Ars. 

"Freedom, and Anti-Social, are ways to get this time back—to turn off the constant social obligation of social networks, to better compartmentalize work time and play time. As a technology researcher, I am very positive on the impact of technology, particularly social technologies, on our lives The net effect of a lot of these technologies are positive. However, just because technology can be seamlessly integrated into our lives, does not mean that we need to engage with these technologies at all times. It is important to find space for solitude, concentration, and reflection. I believe a lot of technologies don't consider this."

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I’ve admired Missy Prince’s work since I first discovered her on Flickr a few years. There’s a certain unapologetic romanticism to her photographs of the Oregon landscape that I find refreshing. It was great to get a chance to learn more about what motives her to photograph.

From looking at your photographs I think it’s probably safe to say that you spend a good deal of time outdoors. Do you go out to specifically make photographs or are you just making them while out doing other things?

Both. When I started taking photos a few years ago I just took them wherever I happened to be. But after a while the desire to see more in my images led me to actively seek out things to photograph. One of the motivators to photograph outdoors was the handful of decent images I had from various backpacking and road trips. I wanted more like them. I started to go out a lot on my own, and it very quickly became a habit.

Do you think photographers are deliberately focusing on nature as a result of anxiety over environmental concerns and global warming? Over the years I’ve seen numerous projects that focus on how humans are impacting nature. Your work doesn’t really seem to focus on that, instead it’s more of a perhaps nostalgic or romantic view of nature. I guess the question would be, are you deliberately trying to say something by focusing so much of your work on nature?

I think nature is a common focus among photographers because it is an inherently worthy subject. The man vs. nature theme is certainly prevalent. I wouldn’t say that all nature photography is rooted in environmental concerns, though I’m sure most people who photograph nature have an interest in its conservation. I focus so much of my work on nature because it’s a great excuse to go for long drives. I’m not trying to say much more than “hey look at this.” There is no editorial message. I want to convey a sense of place, and maybe suggest something unknowable beyond the obvious content of the image. I like the thought that there are elements out there that I can never know and which have no regard for me. Perhaps that’s romantic in the classic sense, but it also seems pretty realistic. No matter how much of a beating we give nature it will persist, with or without us.

The film vs. digital debate isn’t really interesting. However, your aesthetic seems to be really rooted in film. How does shooting film affect your process? Do you develop your rolls right away or let them sit for awhile?

The suspense and risk that are involved in using film make the process more exciting to me. I like not knowing how a photo is going to turn out. The difference between what you see and what you get is a big part of the thrill, and waiting for the results makes that difference more clear. I also consider shots more carefully with film. I try to take only one and move on. It’s psychologically economical. No kidding yourself about the potential of a subject and no having to choose which image is better later. Either you nail it or you don’t. Another great thing about shooting film is making prints in the darkroom. I won’t go into the film vs. digital debate other than to say there is no comparison in the print department.

Suspense is not a factor once I get home with a finished roll. I get it developed as soon as humanly possible.

You’re pretty active on Flickr. How much photography do you look at and study? Have you studied the history of the medium? Who are some of your influences?

I didn’t really look at other photography or know anything about its history when I first got into taking photos. At some point a few years ago I started devouring photobooks, blogs, and such. I haven’t studied the medium’s history in any formal manner but I think I have a fair grasp of it. My intake is haphazard, I go through phases of not looking.

Many of my influences are film makers. David Lynch’s take on The Pacific Northwest in Twin Peaks occupies some prime real estate in my brain. The photography of Tarkovsky and Wim Wenders have stayed with me over time. Road movies and westerns. Two Lane Blacktop, The Passenger, The Hired Hand. As far as photographers go I have to name Eggleston for many reasons. His were the first photobooks I ever saw and they had a big impact. The matter-of-fact quality of his images made the practice of photography seem very accessible and exciting. That many of them were made in The South boosted their appeal. When I found his work I had been living in Oregon for many years and was just beginning to appreciate having grown up in Mississippi. His photos contain familiarities that have deepened my affection for the place. As ubiquitous as they are, I never tire of looking at them. Sternfeld’s Oxbow Archive has been on my mind a lot. Friends influence me. To name a couple, I always learn from the work of Allie Mount and Anna Shelton.

Flickr is a great place to share work and get feedback. I like the constant activity and informality. I am much more compelled to post images there than to create a relatively static website. There is a strong sense of the active pursuit of images, which I find inspiring.

Yeah, I find it interesting that you don’t have a static portfolio website. I like the idea of “a strong sense of the active pursuit of images.” Do you ever try to organize your work into projects? Or make edits where sequencing adds context to the work? I think there’s something to the ‘streaming’ idea of consuming images online that we haven’t fully figured out yet. It’s like we’re subconsciously aware but haven’t really figured out the best way to go about it.

I organize work into projects after the fact. I don’t want to limit myself to an idea or censor my looking. Photography is a means of exploration and I want to be surprised by what I find. What the world hands me is usually better than anything I could imagine. Themes make themselves apparent later, narratives emerge from choices made while roaming. That’s the fun of editing. When images are combined you see something in the work you didn’t see before. It’s an open-ended game of revelation that never gets old. I spend more time than I care to mention arranging and rearranging photos.

I’m happy you mentioned editing because it’s one of those parts of photography that many photographers fear. When did you first realize how important it was to the process? And what tips would you give people who might find it challenging or avoid it all together?

I’ve always enjoyed making groups of images and moving them around. It’s like working on a puzzle. I think I realized its value when I started sharing my work with others. Presentation requires you to impose some kind of order, which is pretty much a discretionary process. I think it’s important to be able to look at your own work honestly and identify what is good and what is not so good about it. It’s easier to organize solid material into a coherent edit. If each photo can stand on its own the burden is not so great. I think looking at your photos in various contexts also helps you see them in a fresh way and get a handle on your own sensibility. I’m not sure what to suggest in the way of tips for reluctant editors. It depends on the source of anxiety. I guess my general advice would be to satisfy your own eye. Don’t pander. If you are happy with what you put out there, you are more likely to remain so as it takes on its own life in the hands of others.

You’ve made some darkroom prints and put them up for sale. How did that go? Are you planning on doing that regularly? Or do you have plans for a book in the future?

It went better than I expected. I sold around fifty, most of them in the first month and most of them through Flickr. I’d like to do it regularly. The site is still up and I’ve made some new prints and will surely make more. But I’m not much of a promoter, so we’ll see how that goes. The important thing is I am getting in the habit of making my own prints. I have no definite plan for a book but the ideas are always spinning. I made a Blurb book a couple of years ago, which was a good exercise in follow-through. It’s hard to commit to a final edit. So I guess the answer is yes, I have many plans for a book in the future.

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Venice

LPV Magazine Issue 2: Venice

Featuring work from Katie Shapiro, Mark King and Missy Prince, plus a group show with work from 15 photographers from around the globe. Published in print three times yearly, you can purchase a subscription which gets you all three issues plus exclusive conten…

Find out more on MagCloud

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  3. Katie Shapiro

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